Множественное число существительных. Исключения
Эта пара принесет больше всего сложностей русскоязычному студенту. Разницу между звуками e и æ нам отличить на слух достаточно сложно – в русском языке нет звука æ. Но пусть это не кажется вам странным: в английском языке, например, нет звука ы. Для англоговорящего человека слова «муж» и «мышь» звучат одинаково. Удивительно? Так же и вы удивляете своих англоговорящих друзей, когда не различаете где man, а где men.
Итак, попробуем разобраться. Звук e (тот, который в словах men, bed, pen – мужчины, кровать и ручка) ближе всего к нашему Э, например, в слове «этот». Звук æ (слова man, bad, pan – мужчина, плохой и сковородка) – это среднее между нашим Э и А – приглядитесь: даже значок, которым обозначена транскрипция состоит из соединенных a и e.
«Twelve angry men» – is a brilliant movie about a man who was brave enough to doubt. «Двенадцать разгневанных мужчин» – блестящий фильм о человеке, которых осмелился сомневаться.
Exercise 5. Образуйте множественное число имен существительных и запишите их формы в правильную колонку.
A dolphin, a fly, a dress, a shoe, a diary, a cake, a strawberry, a sandwich, a toy, a fox, a garden, a ray, a piano, an enemy, a branch, a wish, a coin, an ability.
Answers: -s: dolphins, shoes, cakes, toys, gardens, rays, pianos, coins. -es: dresses, sandwiches, foxes, branches, wishes. -ies: flies, diaries, strawberries, enemies, abilities.
Внутренние органы человека на английском – Internal Organs
Представьте, что у вас проходит урок биологии. Сейчас мы с вами поделимся парочкой увлекательных фактов про внутренние органы на английском, а вы обещайте в свою очередь их рассказать своим англоязычным друзьям. Только чур, пользуйтесь новыми словами!
Интересненькое раз. Примерно 8% всего вашего веса (weight) составляет кровь (blood). – Blood makes up about 8 percent of your total body weight.
Два. При хирургической операции (surgery) амигдалогиппокампэктомии (amygdalohippocampectomy) удаляется часть амигдалы (amygdala) из мозга, что в свою очередь лишает человека способности испытывать страх (fear). – A surgical procedure called a selective amygdalohippocampectomy removes half of the brain’s amygdala—and with it, the patient’s sense of fear.
Три: в наших пупках (belly buttons) растут особые волосики, которые ловят волокна ткани. – Belly buttons grow special hairs to catch lint.
Origin of body
The refined sugars in rice cakes are also digested quickly in your body , potentially leaving you hungry sooner.
Jiménez said she had to identify her sister’s “decomposed body ” twice “just so they would release the body to me.”
It helps that 4G data penetration in North Africa and the Middle East is 62 percent, compared with just 34 percent in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the GSM Association, an industry body that represents mobile network operators globally.
When rain hits the charred remnants, it can transport those harmful materials into rivers, streams, and water bodies.
The meadow is part of our body , folded outward, ready to be strolled through.
He observes the bodies floating away on the river, pulling on his cigarette with a sneer.
Their bodies were later found incinerated and buried in mass graves outside of town.
Within hours, the Indonesian navy said dozens of bodies were being seen.
Hundreds of cops saluting as the bodies were rolled out with a full escort by highway patrol.
These women interred the bodies of saints on their own properties and occasionally managed to influence papal politics.
Indeed, a score of bodies lying there had not been seen by Malcolm during his first frenzied examination of the house.
The amount of the other purin bodies together is about one-tenth that of uric acid.
They carried the two bodies together on some litters, and buried them both in the same grave.
The dead bodies of the two men were guarded until next day, for justice to do its duty.
Then the two bodies of the men were buried, carrying them together from the street to the grave.
Правильнее: один эспрессо.
На самом деле, этот вопрос столь же скользок, сколь и вопрос о родовой принадлежности кофе. Все знают, что сегодня допустимо говорить как «мой кофе», так и «моё кофе». Но есть важный момент! Да, вот уже почти полвека «кофе» значится в словарях как существительное и мужского, и среднего рода. Но средний род при этом всегда носит пометку «разг.» — это значит, что он допустим в разговорной форме речи. А вот если говорить о литературной норме, «кофе» может быть исключительно мужского рода.
С «эспрессо» схожая история. Вплоть до 2005 года этот вид кофейного напитка в словарях проходил с пометкой «м.» — то есть разрешалось его употребление исключительно в мужском роде. Но затем вышла новая версия Русского орфографического словаря (РОС) Лопатина, в которой слово «эспрессо» приобрело уже два возможных варианта — мужского и среднего рода. И ситуация чуть потеряла чёткость.
Впрочем, если ориентироваться на не менее авторитетный источник, чем РОС, — Большой толковый словарь русского языка, то «эспрессо» в нём по‑прежнему сохраняет исключительно мужской род. Так что по совокупности грамотнее будет: «Дайте мне один эспрессо».
Singular and Plural Forms in Scientific Writing
Although plurals can sometimes be relatively simple, there are situations that cause confusion, including mass nouns. Learn more about how to avoid mistakes in scientific writing.
Brandon Jernigan, PhD
UX Designer and Writer
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
In most cases, forming the plural in English is relatively simple (just add an ‘s’). However, authors frequently make a few mistakes when forming plurals, especially with mass nouns.
Count nouns are discrete, individual entities – items that you can count. Mass nouns, sometimes called uncountable or non-count nouns, refer to an undifferentiated mass or collection of material. For example, you would not say, “I’m all out of a water.” It is correct to say “I need a little water” or “I need a few bottles of water.” In this example, water is a mass noun, and bottle is a count noun. Likewise, when describing an experiment, you would quantify a mass noun by adding a specific measurement (e.g., “2 ml of water”); in fact, whether you choose bottles or milliliters, the mass noun requires some unit of measurement to be quantified. Note that the unit is plural and the mass noun (‘water’) remains unchanged.
Data and research are two nouns that are frequently used in the sciences and are much more tricky than they appear.
It is often taught that data (like media or spectra) is a plural word (the singular is ‘datum’). In most contexts, the word data refers to specific numerical results and should therefore be treated as a plural count noun, with a corresponding plural verb form.
- The patient data are sorted in Table 1.
- Data were collected retrospectively from patient medical records.
However, this rule is not strict; it depends on the scientific context. Data can sometimes be used in the singular as a mass noun. For example, in Ars Technica, Chris Foresman examines how securely “user data is stored” by Apple’s iCloud service. Likewise, the following PLOS ONE article uses the singular form of data in its title: “Clickstream Data Yields High-Resolution Maps of Science.” In computer science, data is often used in the singular form as an mass noun; that is, computer scientists use the word data to describe a mass of information to be accessed, stored, or processed (information is another great example of a mass noun). media_type: Article
Unlike data, research should always be used as a mass noun, and its verb must be singular. Some writers attempt to force research to take a plural form (researches); however, this usage is incredibly rare, and it will almost certainly trouble a reviewer. Because research is a mass noun, it can refer to a wide body of literature (e.g., “current research in the field”) or the work involved in a specific project (e.g., “our research focused on the following objectives”). If you need to quantify the research in question, try using study/studies (e.g., “In total, 28 studies were included in this review”). Consider the following examples, also from PLOS ONE:
- A Comparison of rpoB and 16S rRNA as Markers in Pyrosequencing Studies of Bacterial Diversity
- Aggregating, Tagging and Integrating Biodiversity Research (not researches)
We hope these tips and examples help avoid the grammatical confusion that often surrounds data and research. Are there other singular or plural forms that cause you trouble in your scientific writing? Write to [email protected] , and we will work with you to find the answer. Best of luck!
Образуйте множественное число существительных.
На этой странице сайта размещен вопрос Образуйте множественное число следующих существительных : man, trick, body, bus, hutch, mouse, toy, egg? из категории Английский язык с правильным ответом на него. Уровень сложности вопроса соответствует знаниям учеников 10 — 11 классов. Здесь же находятся ответы по заданному поиску, которые вы найдете с помощью автоматической системы. Одновременно с ответом на ваш вопрос показаны другие, похожие варианты по заданной теме. На этой странице можно обсудить все варианты ответов с другими пользователями сайта и получить от них наиболее полную подсказку.
1. will publish (опубликуют) 2. Eats, drinks (ест, пьёт) 3. Went (ходил) 4. Doesn't collect (не собирает или не коллекционирует) 5. Presented (подарил) 6. Will leave (уедут или покинут) 7. Spend (проводят) 8. Didn't spend (не проводил) 9. Wor..
Не очень холодно зимой день не морозный погода не снежная весной часто облачно холодно частые дожди летом дни всегда топлые дни иногда жарко всегда солнечно осенью часто туманно ветренно часто штормит.
Местный американский фестиваль(праздник) красная земля — месный(их личный) американский фестиваль в Оклахоме, США. Там более чем сотни разных племён местных американцев, включая Апачи , Чероке и Сиу . Каждый год , в июне, тысячи семей празднуют их ..
BrazIl, RUssia, SpAnish, GErman, Ireland ( на I), Egypt (на Е), MExico, POrtugal, MExican, JapanEse, Italy (на I).
1. Carry was asked to leave the class. 2. The plane will not be flown due to weather conditions. 3. These buildings are very old so they need to be demolished. 4. The task was done before it was announced. 5. This news will never be forgotten. 6..
1 One of the men wondered what had happened to the redundant worker after dismissal. 2 Another man wanted to know which of his sons had inherited his estate. 3 A third enquired who was going to share the income of the enterprise. 4 Someone else wa..
1. One of the men asked what had happened to the redundant worker after dismissal2. Another one asked which of his sons had inherited his estate3. A third enquired who was going to share the income of the enterprise. 4. someone else asked what wou..
We all know that water is the source of life. All life on earth in the most part consists of water. And even this king of nature, somewhere in the 60 — 70% water. But, the problem is that people often forget. Often just ordinary people relaxing o..
1 The Russian Federation is a parliamentary monarchy. F 2 The President is the head of state and is elected by the State Duma. F 3 The President is involved in the workof the legislative and judicial branches of power. F 4 The government consists ..
What Are Lice, and Where Do They Come From?
The louse (plural: lice) is a parasite that attaches itself to human hair and feeds on human blood. The most prevalent kind of lice is head lice. An infestation with head lice is medically known as Pediculosis capitis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that up to 12 million lice infestations occur every year in the United States.
Female adult lice can lay up to six eggs every day. Eggs are laid right onto the shaft of hair. Those that are less than six millimeters from the scalp are most likely to hatch. The eggs are essentially glued on to the hair by secretions from the female louse.
The eggs take about a week to hatch, producing a nymph. The nymphs then go through three successive growth spurts. During these spurts, they molt until they reach adult size.
Adult lice are about the size of a sesame seed and can be very hard to see, because they can be any color from white to tan to brown.
Lice typically feed on blood four to five times each day. They use their mouth parts to bite into the skin and secrete a substance that acts to block clotting.
While it’s important to note that lice infestations can happen to anyone, some people are at a higher risk of coming into contact with lice.
Common types of lice include head lice, body lice, and pubic lice.
Head lice are obligate parasites. This means that they cannot survive without a human host. This species can live only on human hosts, so you cannot get them from your dog, cat, guinea pig, or any other kind of furry pet you may have.
Lice don’t have wings, so they can’t fly. They have six legs with claws at the ends — that’s how they attach themselves to hair.
Head lice can settle anywhere on the scalp, but they’re commonly found on hairs at the back of the neck and around the ears, where it’s warmest.
Body lice are slightly different from head lice because they lay their eggs on clothing instead of on the body. Body lice also live in clothing and only move onto the body to feed. Body lice can carry a number of diseases, such as:
- louse-borne typhus
- relapsing fever
- trench fever
Body lice are the only kind of lice known to spread disease.
Pubic lice are a species of lice with large front legs, making them resemble crabs underneath a microscope. They are the smallest type of lice. Pubic lice are nicknamed “crabs” and are usually transmitted from one person to another during sexual activity. They live in the hair of their host’s genital area and can cause itching.
Lice infestations can happen to anyone, but they are a particular concern for school-age children. It’s important to emphasize that poor hygiene — such as skipped baths or showers or any other hygiene issue — is not typically the cause of head lice.
Children who live in crowded conditions may have more of a problem with head lice. This is only because they’re living close to one another and may sleep in the same bed. There are only two ways head lice can spread from person to person. One is by direct head-to-head contact, as when children hug or put their heads together to look at the same book. The other way is by sharing hats, caps, hair ties, scarves, or any personal item such as combs or brushes.
Body lice are spread by lice living on unwashed clothing. Unlike other kinds of lice, the spread of body lice can be prevented fairly simply. Clothes should be washed often after wearing, and you should avoid sharing clothing with others.
Pubic lice (“crabs”) are spread through sexual activity. Children that contract pubic lice may be victims of sexual abuse.
There are a number of treatments that can effectively get rid of head lice. These include over-the-counter products, natural remedies, and prescription medications. However, it is important to note that there are no natural or alternative products recommended by the CDC for the treatment of lice.
Getting rid of lice completely involves three steps. No matter what kind of lice you have, the treatment process is essentially the same:
- Kill the lice.
- Kill and remove the eggs.
- Decontaminate any affected areas and clothing.
The most common treatment product for lice involves pediculicide shampoo. After applying this treatment to the affected area, hair should not be washed for up to two days.
You can use a special comb called a “nit comb” to carefully remove the eggs that have attached themselves to the hair shaft.
You should thoroughly vacuum any area of your home where hairs might have fallen. Any bedding or clothing that has been exposed to the lice needs to be machine washed in hot water.
You may wish to avoid the use of lice medications on yourself or your small children. Some natural products promise the same results as pediculicides. However, these “holistic” products are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. A natural product that is not regulated may carry its own risks, especially in small children. It’s also important to remember that these products may not be as effective as promised. Some studies have shown that essential oils may have a role in lice treatment. If you have lice, you may find relief with the following oils:
- tea tree oil
- eucalyptus oil
- neem oil
- lavender oil
Lice seem to be building resistance to some commonly used products. The American Council of Science and Health reports that in certain areas of the United States, traditional lice treatment products are no longer as effective at getting rid of infestations. There are already products on the market, such as those containing ivermectin, that treat these so-called “super lice.” These stronger products require a doctor’s prescription.
There is no proven product or method that will completely eliminate the spread of lice, but there are steps you can take to lower your chances of getting it. Avoid head-to-head contact with other people whenever possible. Never share personal hygiene products, especially combs or brushes. Try to avoid “hot spots” such as shared locker spaces, coat hooks, and closets in public places. Tell your school-aged children about lice and the steps they can take to help minimize the risk of contracting it.
Occasionally, an allergy to lice feces will lead to a rash and additional discomfort in the affected person. Continuous scratching of an area (to relieve itching) can lead to breaking the skin barrier and, subsequently, an infection in that area. In rare cases, lice living on eyelashes can lead to eye inflammation and pinkeye. Sometimes the very idea of lice can lead to stress and sleepless nights for children and parents.
If lice eggs aren’t destroyed properly during the initial treatment, or if you have repeated contact with a person who has not treated their lice infestation completely, you may find yourself experiencing repeated infestations. If this occurs, you should repeat the entire treatment seven days from your initial treatment date.
Remember that getting lice is not a reflection on a person’s personal hygiene. While treating lice is generally never a pleasant experience, it’s fairly straightforward. Your life will most likely be lice-free again quickly.